Cross Section of a Tree Trunk (Infographic)

by Glenn Dalton 0 comments

Tree Stumps


The outside layer of the trunk. The bark serves as a protective layer for the more delicate inside wood of the tree.


The thin layer of living cells just inside the bark. This part of the tree makes new cells allowing the tree to grow wider.


A network of living cells that bring water and nutrients up from the roots. When the inner layers of sapwood die they become heartwood.


Heartwood is dead sapwood in the centre of the trunk - giving the tree support and strength. It is usually darker in colour than the sapwood and is the hardest wood of the tree.


The tiny dark spot of spongy living cells is the centre of the tree which carries nutrients up to the rest of the tree - it is also called the heart of the tree. It is the most important, which is why is the most protected.

Pandanus tectorius

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Pandanus (P. tectorius) is a large shrub or small tree of im­ mense cultural, health, and economic importance in the Pacific, second only to coconut on atolls. A highly vari­ able species complex, it grows wild mainly in semi­natural vegetation in littoral habitats throughout the tropical and subtropical Pacific, where it can withstand drought, strong winds, and salt spray.

In Brief

  • Distribution: Native throught the Pacific islands and parts of Southeast Asia and northern Australia.
  • Size: Reaches 4-14m (13-46ft) in height, with about the same canopy diameter.
  • Habitat: Usually elevations of sea level to 20m (66ft), but can grow at elevations of 600m (1970ft) or higher.
  • Vegetation: Associated with species of coastal forest.
  • Soil: Adapted to a very wide range of light to heavy soil types.
  • Growth rate: Stem growth is slow to moderate, 2 - 80cm (0.8 - 31in) per years
  • Main agroforestry uses: Coastal protection, windbreak, home gardens.
  • Main uses: Food, weaving, thatch.
  • Yields: 10-300 leaves per tree per year or 9 - 12 fruits.
  • Inter cropping: Often planted in and around mixed agroforest in the Pacific.
  • Invasive potential: Naturally spreads into coastal plant communities. Since it is native to Pacific island, the tree is not considered to be invasive.

Pandanus trees are under threat from a tiny pest in Queensland.

This pest has been in pandanus palms for decades, however, the specialists have seen leaf hopper (Jamella australiae) increasing in numbers in recent years. It has been acting on the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast where dead and dying palms have been pruned and even cut down to protect public safety.

You can find a complete article on ABC New Website.
For detailed information on the Pandanus Tree, you can also look at the PDF below:

Preparing For Storm Season 2018 / 2019

by Glenn Dalton 8 comments

Professional Tree Services Blog

Before the Storm… How to Prepare When preparing for storm seasons The summer (between December - February) is a season of storms in Gold Coast, the tropical storms are common in the late afternoon. To be prepared and to prepare the trees close to your property we created this post with helpful tips. 

‘get ready’ for storm season

To help you the government of the City of Gold Coast created a webpage with a bunch of information to 'get ready' for storm season. You will find there a bunch of information divided between:
  • Preparing for a disaster
  • During a disaster
  • Recovering from a disaster
  • Disaster coordination
  • City news updates -

Strom Season 2018/2019 Advice for trees

Image source:

Have your trees inspected regularly (e.g. every two years) so that any problems can be addressed early and at a time that suits you. A qualified and experienced arborist can do this efficiently and economically.

Look for potential hazards

Look for potential hazards and investigate the condition of your trees. You or a qualified arborist should look for damage such as:
  • cracks in the trunk or major limbs;
  • hollow,
  • ages and decayed trees;
  • hanging branches;
  • improperly formed branches;
  • one-sided or significantly leaning trees;
  • and branches that may come into contact with the house.

Know your tree

Some species are more prone to storm damage. You should have a qualified arborist evaluate your trees for hardiness and resilience. Being aware of trees which may succumb to harsh weather conditions will help you decide if you want to replace these potentially dangerous species.

Do not top or lop your trees

Untrained individuals may urge you to cut back or lop all of the branches, on the mistaken assumption that it will help avoid breakage in future storms. However, professional arborists say that topping, the cutting of main branches back to stubs, is extremely harmful and unhealthy for your trees. Re-growth will be weakly attached branches that are higher and are more likely to break when a storm strikes. Also, topping will reduce the amount of foliage, on which the tree depends for the food and nourishment needed for re-growth. A topped tree that has already sustained major storm damage is more likely to die than repair itself.

Protect your assets

Trees may increase property value by up to 15% or more. Find out if your homeowner’s insurance will cover any damage your landscape may sustain due to natural causes and include the total value of your trees when listing your assets for coverage. A qualified arborist can provide an estimated value by inspecting your trees. Trees are dynamic living things that require proper care. Hiring a qualified arborist who can assist you with pre-storm inspections and post-storm repairs can help avoid unnecessary loss of your trees.

Tree services

Pro Tree Works can offer you tree services such as: All services are provided by a team of dedicated and skilled workers for any tree care need. You can hire us for services in anywhere in Gold Coast and around areas.

Gold Coast Council Tree Removal Application Guide – Gold Coast Council

by Glenn Dalton 0 comments


Gold Coast Council Tree Removal Application Guide - Gold Coast City Council

If you want to remove trees on the Gold Coast then you need to receive council approval. The reason is simple, the Vegetation Management Code handles the tree and vegetation preservation within the city. We love trees and it would be terrible if everyone decided to cut down all of the trees on their property. The idea is to protect all vegetation found in private as well as freehold lands. Tree removal in Gold Coast is possible only if you get a council approval, and it’s a good idea to understand what that includes. If you are unsure if you need a permit, keep on reading or you can give us a call and we will happily help you. City Plan, in very specific circumstances, permits damage to vegetation without making application to the City of Gold Coast. These instances are known as accepted development subject to requirements. The Vegetation management code within City Plan outlines the required outcomes. If you are unsure if you meet the necessary requirements, please read the following documents below.

Gold Coast Council approval to cut down trees on your own property

Council Tree Removal is possible whenever you need to damage or remove any protected vegetation. As long as you send the application and it’s approved, you will have no problem completing this process as fast as possible. Alternatively, once you have your application approved, you can contact us for your tree removal needs. That being said, there are some things to keep in mind here. The tree location, size, and condition are pivotal for this entire process. It’s also important to know some other factors here such as the tree species, its height, and the trunk circumference, as well as the distance from your home or any other structure out there. Every little detail counts here. Trees can be dangerous if proper precautions are not used. If there are any dead branches, that could potentially fall and harm someone, it is important to take proper action. The following vegetation and tree removal checklist provide guidance where vegetation damage will be considered accepted development which can be undertaken without the City’s approval and does not require an application for Operational Works (Vegetation Clearing), or in other words an application to remove or damage the vegetation. Residents must note that any vegetation clearing must not result in harm to native wildlife. Where native wildlife is present in vegetation to be removed, it is recommended that a licensed spotter catcher be employed to oversee the removal works.

Gold Coast 24hr Emergency Services for storm damage or fallen trees

Gold Coast Vegetation and Tree removal Application checklist

1. Previously approved Landscape Plan over your property 2. Damage/removal of vegetation along an existing property boundary fence, or a proposed new fence. 3. Damage/removal of vegetation that is close to a building? 4. Damage/Removal of vegetation that is close to my pool fence? 5. Removal/damage of vegetation that is part of the native under storey? 6. Does the vegetation require removal because it is interfering with the lawful operation of an established agricultural business or animal husbandry business? 7. Is the tree hazardous and/or dangerous? 8. Does the vegetation fit within the Pest Species definition?
Full document here: Do I need to lodge an application for the removal of vegetation on my property? Gold Coast City Council


Gold Coast Tree removal permit assessment

You will need a permit if you answer yes to any of the following questions, the appropriate application will be required to be submitted to the City for assessment. • Is the vegetation greater than 4 metres in height; or • Is the vegetation equal to, or in excess of 40 centimetres in girth (circumference) measured at 1.4 metres above the ground level; or • Is the vegetation remnant vegetation and its native under-storey as identified on the Vegetation Management Overlay Map; or • Is the vegetation disturbed/re-growth/wetland vegetation and its native under-storey as identified on the Vegetation Management Overlay Map
Full document here : Do I need to lodge an application for the removal of vegetation on my property? Gold Coast City Council
Steps to focus on when you want to get council tree removal approval Once you know the type of tree you are working with and the reason why you need it removed, it’s important to understand the gold coast city council tree preservation document. Every neighbourhood and region comes with its own set of rules when it comes to tree removal on the Gold Coast. The TPO will let you know if you really need to file the application or not, so try to keep that in mind if possible. We recommend you to hire a professional tree removal company (like Professional Tree Works) if possible. They will make it easier for you to complete the process properly as long as you receive the council agreement for Gold Coast tree removal. A professional arborist will know the proper way to remove that tree from your property without causing any damage.


General Tree removal Tips

You need to make sure that the council tree removal application is complete, otherwise, it will not be accepted. If you need to submit anything else, that will cost extra. .Again, working with a professional is the right approach because you can access all the necessary services and spend much less than you would imagine. Normally the council will require you to plant another tree once you remove a tree from your property. A good arborist will be able to provide you with proper assistance in such a situation. The idea is to know exactly what you are getting into and focus on getting the best results. Our company offers outstanding tree removal services, so if you have a council approval, you should consider getting in touch with us. We are always here to help, and we offer high-quality services at a very good price!  

Here are some more Tree Council Applications & Resources to assist you

The below resources will assist you in Tree Council Applications and many other resources to help you plan and execute your tree services requirements. Tree Clearing applications start at $240 for 1-30 Trees (see Information Sheet Prices) and need to be submitted to: PO Box 5042 Gold Coast MC QLD 9729 Ph 1300 465 326 Please download any of these documents you like and contact us for any additional information.
D.a Form 1 & Site Plan for Tree Works Information pricelist for D.A Approval Do I need to lodge an application for the removal of vegetation on my property

Tips for Pruning Trees in 2018 – Gold Coast

by Glenn Dalton 1 comments



Most people believe pruning trees is a practice that can be carried out whenever they want, experts believe it is not so. It has been proven time and again that the effects of pruning trees can vary from season to season. In addition, the effects will also depend on the amount of pruning that is being done.

  tree removal gold coast tree removal services gold coast tree lopping gold coast gold coast tree removal services tree cutting gold coast

When to Prune Trees and Cut Trees?

Generally, pruning trees during early Spring is preferred. According to experts, this is the time when the plants are entering the stage of rapid growth. Therefore, wounds afflicted by pruning will rapidly be healed. Remember, here we are referring pruning trees for growth and not for avoiding diseases or damaged plants. For the latter, you can always prune trees whenever you want, whether it is Spring or Autumn. If you would like to learn more about our pruning and tree cutting services on the Gold Coast, contact us today. Here are some great tips on How To Prune Trees And Shrubs.  

Wormtec Worm Extract

by Glenn Dalton 1 comments


soil-injection-sliderWormtec Worm Farming specialises in the unique production, blending and mixing of worm extracts; products which include biological inoculants, trace elements and microbial food activators. The extract is sold as an organic bio-spray for agricultural and home garden applications.  

Why should I hire a Qualified Arborist?

by Glenn Dalton 30 comments

Professional Tree Services Blog

Trees provide an enormous range of benefits, some are often overlooked:

  • Enhancement of local environment and ecosystems
  • Provision of shade and shelter
  • Reduction of pollutants and sequestration of Carbon Dioxide
  • Improved well being


Pruning and removing trees can be dangerous and technically difficult job, and should only be carried out by those who are trained to do so. Trees are also a great asset and can increase property values significantly as well as being large, complex organisms in their own right: poor maintenance of your trees can result in loss of tree health and/or structural stability. Arborists care for trees and provide services that can improve and enhance your tree’s health, visual amenity and long term structural integrity.


Water Saving Tips

by Glenn Dalton 3 comments

Professional Tree Services Blog

As water restrictions increase more and more gardeners are becoming water wise. Here are some of our helpful tips that will save you both time and money.

  • Add organic matter to enhance your soil. Soils that are rich in organic matter absorb and hold moisture and nutrients more easily, while also containing the right structure for healthy root growth.
  • Increase the soil’s water retention by mulching. Spread a thick layer of mulch over the soil, ideally 7.5cm or more thick.


Safe Tree Planting Guidelines

by Glenn Dalton 19 comments

Professional Tree Services Blog


  • When mature, trees should not grow to within two metres of powerlines - that is, the powerline from the street to your home and the powerlines that run along your street or in easements (diagram 1).


  • Before planting on ENERGEX easements always contact ENERGEX on 13 12 53 to check if there are any special planting requirements.


  • If you want to plant taller plants, apply the 45-degree rule: Plant at a distance from the powerline at least equal to the expected mature height of the plant (diagram 2).