Pandanus (P. tectorius) – Pandanus Tree
Pandanus (P. tectorius) is a large shrub or small tree of im mense cultural, health, and economic importance in the Pacific, second only to coconut on atolls. A highly vari able species complex, it grows wild mainly in seminatural vegetation in littoral habitats throughout the tropical and subtropical Pacific, where it can withstand drought, strong winds, and salt spray. It propagates readily from seed, but it is also widely propagated from branch cuttings by local people for farms and homegardens. It grows fairly quickly, and all parts are used, from the nutritious fruits of edible varieties, to the poles and branches in construction, to the leaves for weaving and garlands. The plant is prominent in Pacific culture and tradition, including local medicine. Hundreds of cultivated varieties, collectively recognized in the Pacific but specific to numerous independent cultural traditions, are known by their local names and character istics of fruits, branches, and leaves. At present, there is evidence that this diversity is declining, with certain va rieties becoming difficult to find. The reasons include less replanting, deforestation, fire, flagging interest by the new generation, and rapid population growth leading to urban ization. Planting pandanus should be promoted in both rural and urban areas. For example, small shrubby varieties could be planted along boundaries or borders. Plantings should be encouraged in protected areas and in well main tained public areas. For example, in Hawai‘i plantings of pandanus on hotel grounds were utilized and greatly ap preciated by local weavers, due to good access and ease of harvesting. Special attempts should be made to collect and replant endangered varieties that are valued for their edible fruits and other uses.
Pandanus Tectorius Information Guide Includes:
- BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
- ASSOCIATED PLANT SPECIES – Pandanus Tectorius
- ENVIRONMENTAL PREFERENCES AND TOLERANCES- Pandanus Tectorius
- GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT- Pandanus Tectorius
- PROPAGATION- Pandanus Tectorius
- DISADVANTAGES- Pandanus Tectorius
- AGROFORESTRY/ENVIRONMENTAL PRACTICES- Pandanus Tectorius
- USES AND PRODUCTS- Pandanus Tectorius
- URBAN AND COMMUNITY FORESTRY- Pandanus Tectorius
- COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS- Pandanus Tectorius
- INTERPLANTING/FARM APPLICATIONS- Pandanus Tectorius
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